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get_pages ›

Since1.5.0
Deprecatedn/a
get_pages ( $args = array() )
Parameters:
  • (array|string) $args { Optional. Array or string of arguments to retrieve pages. @type int $child_of Page ID to return child and grandchild pages of. Note: The value of `$hierarchical` has no bearing on whether `$child_of` returns hierarchical results. Default 0, or no restriction. @type string $sort_order How to sort retrieved pages. Accepts 'ASC', 'DESC'. Default 'ASC'. @type string $sort_column What columns to sort pages by, comma-separated. Accepts 'post_author', 'post_date', 'post_title', 'post_name', 'post_modified', 'menu_order', 'post_modified_gmt', 'post_parent', 'ID', 'rand', 'comment_count'. 'post_' can be omitted for any values that start with it. Default 'post_title'. @type bool $hierarchical Whether to return pages hierarchically. If false in conjunction with `$child_of` also being false, both arguments will be disregarded. Default true. @type int[] $exclude Array of page IDs to exclude. Default empty array. @type int[] $include Array of page IDs to include. Cannot be used with `$child_of`, `$parent`, `$exclude`, `$meta_key`, `$meta_value`, or `$hierarchical`. Default empty array. @type string $meta_key Only include pages with this meta key. Default empty. @type string $meta_value Only include pages with this meta value. Requires `$meta_key`. Default empty. @type string $authors A comma-separated list of author IDs. Default empty. @type int $parent Page ID to return direct children of. Default -1, or no restriction. @type string|int[] $exclude_tree Comma-separated string or array of page IDs to exclude. Default empty array. @type int $number The number of pages to return. Default 0, or all pages. @type int $offset The number of pages to skip before returning. Requires `$number`. Default 0. @type string $post_type The post type to query. Default 'page'. @type string|array $post_status A comma-separated list or array of post statuses to include. Default 'publish'. }
    Required: No
    Default: array()
Returns:
  • (WP_Post[]|int[]|false) Array of pages (or hierarchical post type items). Boolean false if the specified post type is not hierarchical or the specified status is not supported by the post type.
Defined at:
Codex:

Retrieve an array of pages (or hierarchical post type items).



Source

function get_pages( $args = array() ) {
	global $wpdb;

	$defaults = array(
		'child_of'     => 0,
		'sort_order'   => 'ASC',
		'sort_column'  => 'post_title',
		'hierarchical' => 1,
		'exclude'      => array(),
		'include'      => array(),
		'meta_key'     => '',
		'meta_value'   => '',
		'authors'      => '',
		'parent'       => -1,
		'exclude_tree' => array(),
		'number'       => '',
		'offset'       => 0,
		'post_type'    => 'page',
		'post_status'  => 'publish',
	);

	$parsed_args = wp_parse_args( $args, $defaults );

	$number       = (int) $parsed_args['number'];
	$offset       = (int) $parsed_args['offset'];
	$child_of     = (int) $parsed_args['child_of'];
	$hierarchical = $parsed_args['hierarchical'];
	$exclude      = $parsed_args['exclude'];
	$meta_key     = $parsed_args['meta_key'];
	$meta_value   = $parsed_args['meta_value'];
	$parent       = $parsed_args['parent'];
	$post_status  = $parsed_args['post_status'];

	// Make sure the post type is hierarchical.
	$hierarchical_post_types = get_post_types( array( 'hierarchical' => true ) );
	if ( ! in_array( $parsed_args['post_type'], $hierarchical_post_types, true ) ) {
		return false;
	}

	if ( $parent > 0 && ! $child_of ) {
		$hierarchical = false;
	}

	// Make sure we have a valid post status.
	if ( ! is_array( $post_status ) ) {
		$post_status = explode( ',', $post_status );
	}
	if ( array_diff( $post_status, get_post_stati() ) ) {
		return false;
	}

	// $args can be whatever, only use the args defined in defaults to compute the key.
	$key          = md5( serialize( wp_array_slice_assoc( $parsed_args, array_keys( $defaults ) ) ) );
	$last_changed = wp_cache_get_last_changed( 'posts' );

	$cache_key = "get_pages:$key:$last_changed";
	$cache     = wp_cache_get( $cache_key, 'posts' );
	if ( false !== $cache ) {
		// Convert to WP_Post instances.
		$pages = array_map( 'get_post', $cache );
		/** This filter is documented in wp-includes/post.php */
		$pages = apply_filters( 'get_pages', $pages, $parsed_args );
		return $pages;
	}

	$inclusions = '';
	if ( ! empty( $parsed_args['include'] ) ) {
		$child_of     = 0; // Ignore child_of, parent, exclude, meta_key, and meta_value params if using include.
		$parent       = -1;
		$exclude      = '';
		$meta_key     = '';
		$meta_value   = '';
		$hierarchical = false;
		$incpages     = wp_parse_id_list( $parsed_args['include'] );
		if ( ! empty( $incpages ) ) {
			$inclusions = ' AND ID IN (' . implode( ',', $incpages ) . ')';
		}
	}

	$exclusions = '';
	if ( ! empty( $exclude ) ) {
		$expages = wp_parse_id_list( $exclude );
		if ( ! empty( $expages ) ) {
			$exclusions = ' AND ID NOT IN (' . implode( ',', $expages ) . ')';
		}
	}

	$author_query = '';
	if ( ! empty( $parsed_args['authors'] ) ) {
		$post_authors = wp_parse_list( $parsed_args['authors'] );

		if ( ! empty( $post_authors ) ) {
			foreach ( $post_authors as $post_author ) {
				// Do we have an author id or an author login?
				if ( 0 == (int) $post_author ) {
					$post_author = get_user_by( 'login', $post_author );
					if ( empty( $post_author ) ) {
						continue;
					}
					if ( empty( $post_author->ID ) ) {
						continue;
					}
					$post_author = $post_author->ID;
				}

				if ( '' === $author_query ) {
					$author_query = $wpdb->prepare( ' post_author = %d ', $post_author );
				} else {
					$author_query .= $wpdb->prepare( ' OR post_author = %d ', $post_author );
				}
			}
			if ( '' !== $author_query ) {
				$author_query = " AND ($author_query)";
			}
		}
	}

	$join  = '';
	$where = "$exclusions $inclusions ";
	if ( '' !== $meta_key || '' !== $meta_value ) {
		$join = " LEFT JOIN $wpdb->postmeta ON ( $wpdb->posts.ID = $wpdb->postmeta.post_id )";

		// meta_key and meta_value might be slashed.
		$meta_key   = wp_unslash( $meta_key );
		$meta_value = wp_unslash( $meta_value );
		if ( '' !== $meta_key ) {
			$where .= $wpdb->prepare( " AND $wpdb->postmeta.meta_key = %s", $meta_key );
		}
		if ( '' !== $meta_value ) {
			$where .= $wpdb->prepare( " AND $wpdb->postmeta.meta_value = %s", $meta_value );
		}
	}

	if ( is_array( $parent ) ) {
		$post_parent__in = implode( ',', array_map( 'absint', (array) $parent ) );
		if ( ! empty( $post_parent__in ) ) {
			$where .= " AND post_parent IN ($post_parent__in)";
		}
	} elseif ( $parent >= 0 ) {
		$where .= $wpdb->prepare( ' AND post_parent = %d ', $parent );
	}

	if ( 1 === count( $post_status ) ) {
		$where_post_type = $wpdb->prepare( 'post_type = %s AND post_status = %s', $parsed_args['post_type'], reset( $post_status ) );
	} else {
		$post_status     = implode( "', '", $post_status );
		$where_post_type = $wpdb->prepare( "post_type = %s AND post_status IN ('$post_status')", $parsed_args['post_type'] );
	}

	$orderby_array = array();
	$allowed_keys  = array(
		'author',
		'post_author',
		'date',
		'post_date',
		'title',
		'post_title',
		'name',
		'post_name',
		'modified',
		'post_modified',
		'modified_gmt',
		'post_modified_gmt',
		'menu_order',
		'parent',
		'post_parent',
		'ID',
		'rand',
		'comment_count',
	);

	foreach ( explode( ',', $parsed_args['sort_column'] ) as $orderby ) {
		$orderby = trim( $orderby );
		if ( ! in_array( $orderby, $allowed_keys, true ) ) {
			continue;
		}

		switch ( $orderby ) {
			case 'menu_order':
				break;
			case 'ID':
				$orderby = "$wpdb->posts.ID";
				break;
			case 'rand':
				$orderby = 'RAND()';
				break;
			case 'comment_count':
				$orderby = "$wpdb->posts.comment_count";
				break;
			default:
				if ( 0 === strpos( $orderby, 'post_' ) ) {
					$orderby = "$wpdb->posts." . $orderby;
				} else {
					$orderby = "$wpdb->posts.post_" . $orderby;
				}
		}

		$orderby_array[] = $orderby;

	}
	$sort_column = ! empty( $orderby_array ) ? implode( ',', $orderby_array ) : "$wpdb->posts.post_title";

	$sort_order = strtoupper( $parsed_args['sort_order'] );
	if ( '' !== $sort_order && ! in_array( $sort_order, array( 'ASC', 'DESC' ), true ) ) {
		$sort_order = 'ASC';
	}

	$query  = "SELECT * FROM $wpdb->posts $join WHERE ($where_post_type) $where ";
	$query .= $author_query;
	$query .= ' ORDER BY ' . $sort_column . ' ' . $sort_order;

	if ( ! empty( $number ) ) {
		$query .= ' LIMIT ' . $offset . ',' . $number;
	}

	$pages = $wpdb->get_results( $query );

	if ( empty( $pages ) ) {
		wp_cache_set( $cache_key, array(), 'posts' );

		/** This filter is documented in wp-includes/post.php */
		$pages = apply_filters( 'get_pages', array(), $parsed_args );
		return $pages;
	}

	// Sanitize before caching so it'll only get done once.
	$num_pages = count( $pages );
	for ( $i = 0; $i < $num_pages; $i++ ) {
		$pages[ $i ] = sanitize_post( $pages[ $i ], 'raw' );
	}

	// Update cache.
	update_post_cache( $pages );

	if ( $child_of || $hierarchical ) {
		$pages = get_page_children( $child_of, $pages );
	}

	if ( ! empty( $parsed_args['exclude_tree'] ) ) {
		$exclude = wp_parse_id_list( $parsed_args['exclude_tree'] );
		foreach ( $exclude as $id ) {
			$children = get_page_children( $id, $pages );
			foreach ( $children as $child ) {
				$exclude[] = $child->ID;
			}
		}

		$num_pages = count( $pages );
		for ( $i = 0; $i < $num_pages; $i++ ) {
			if ( in_array( $pages[ $i ]->ID, $exclude, true ) ) {
				unset( $pages[ $i ] );
			}
		}
	}

	$page_structure = array();
	foreach ( $pages as $page ) {
		$page_structure[] = $page->ID;
	}

	wp_cache_set( $cache_key, $page_structure, 'posts' );

	// Convert to WP_Post instances.
	$pages = array_map( 'get_post', $pages );

	/**
	 * Filters the retrieved list of pages.
	 *
	 * @since 2.1.0
	 *
	 * @param WP_Post[] $pages       Array of page objects.
	 * @param array     $parsed_args Array of get_pages() arguments.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'get_pages', $pages, $parsed_args );
}